What We Promote: Trap-Neuter-Release-Maintain (TNRM)


Humane trap

We advocate for the use of Humane Traps, which do not frighten the cats or have the possibility of getting their tails caught.

Click here to see an example of this form of trap in use.

Please contact us for information on how to use these traps, or to request to borrow traps. We have several sizes of traps for large cats, medium sized cats and even kitten size.


After the cat is caught, he/she should be brought to the vet to be neutered, given basic vaccines, and dewormed. The cat then recovers in a volunteer's premise for several days.

Neutering homeless cats is more effective than euthanization for curbing the proliferation of the homeless cat population! See some of the research on this issue here, here, and here.

Release & Maintain

Cat house

After recovering from the neutering operation, the cat should be released in the exact place he was picked up. This is essential for avoiding the vacuum effect: because cats are territorial and stay away from others' territory, removing a cat from their territory (i.e., euthanizing them) creates a void for other (likely un-neutered) cats to move in, benefit from available food sources, and proliferate. Returning a neutered cat to their territory prevents this, and thereby prevents proliferation.

It is therefore important that willing neighbourhood people then maintain the cats by feeding them, providing cat houses for shelter, and overseeing their general condition.

Each winter, Educhat produced around 150 shelters that we sell for the cost of the materials. Each shelter is waterproof and has straw inside to keep the cats warm and dry. Please contact us for more information or if you require a cat house.

Contact us for more information!

We have been doing TNRM since 2002. We invite anyone who wants information to email us and we will be happy to answer your questions about how to start a TNRM group in your area or how to do TNRM.  

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